United Nations Development Programme

Russian Federation

Country Programme Documents

UNDP Country Programme for the Russian Federation (2008-2010)

The country programme (2008-2010) is based on extensive consultations with the Government, United Nations organizations, civil society groups and other partners. It builds on experiences gained from the implementation of the previous country programme (2004-2007), as well as earlier country cooperation frameworks (1998-2000 and 2001-2003).

In 2004-2007 UNDP assistance grew and assumed greater policy relevance. Government cost-sharing accounted for 70% of total expenditures. External evaluations in 2005 to 2006 confirmed the high impact of UNDP assistance. Following a comprehensive management review and a Board of Auditors external audit, UNDP took steps to streamline management practices and introduce a more balanced approach that links economic development, governance, environment, and recovery, and relies more heavily on monitoring and evaluation.

The fact that rising per capita income will make Russia ineligible for UNDP regular funds beyond 2010 defines the nature of the new country programme. New directions include: (a) supporting the emerging role of donor and technical assistance provider; (b) increasing focus on subnational initiatives; (c) building partnerships to fight HIV/AIDS; (d) supporting sustainable use of energy and natural resources in the spirit of the Kyoto Protocol; and (e) expanding recovery work in the post-conflict setting of the North Caucasus.

As some bilateral donors reduce assistance, funding will increasingly rely on national resources. Engaging responsible private sector actors will be a key challenge, as national and regional development banks grow and Russia adopts new legislation on philanthropy.

The country programme for 2008-2010 centers on the five UNDP practice areas and cross-cutting themes supporting government efforts to pursue a rights-based approach, involve civil society in policy and emphasize gender equality.

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UNDP country programme outline for the Russian Federation (2004-2007)

The UNDP country programme outline (CPO) for the Russian Federation for 2004-2007 is a plan of action worked out in coordination with the Russian government. The development of CPO for 2004-2007 has benefited significantly from experiences gained over the two previous country cooperation frameworks (CCFs) for the periods 1998-2000 and 2001-2003. The strategic directions comprising this programme have been developed in close collaboration with government counterparts. The second CCF (2001-2003) established cooperation with the Government of the Russian Federation along two broad lines: governance for human development; and sustainable growth for human development. The period 2001-2003 witnessed significant changes in the UNDP programme in the Russian Federation. The country office increased its focus on quality outputs, began more carefully assessing potential partners, and sought more sustainable sources of funding. A resource mobilization strategy was developed and the scope of the CCF rationalized.
The 2004-2007 country programme will centre on the following four programmatic themes:

Economic growth and poverty reduction
Environmental sustainability
Effective and accountable governance
Social protection and civil rights.

The UNDP country office will support several key strategic cross-cutting thrusts across these thematic areas for maximum impact and relevance to the Russian context:

Mitigating social and economic equality
Integrated regional and local development
Information and communications technology.

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Second Country cooperation framework for the Russian Federation (20012003)

This second country cooperation framework (CCF) for the Russian Federation covers 2001-2003 and will be harmonized with those of the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and the United Nations Childrens Fund (UNICEF). It is based on the policies, priorities and development strategies of the Government and the findings of the country programme review and the results-oriented annual report (ROAR) for the previous CCF. It focuses on programmes and thematic areas which are either already demonstrated or which hold out future potential for significant results and which address issues where UNDP has a clear comparative advantage in the Russian Federation context. The first United Nations common country assessment (CCA) will be ready by the beginning of the new CCF and will serve both as an important joint advocacy tool for United Nations system activities and as a basis for preparing the United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF).

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Standard Basic Assistance Agreement

Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the United Nations Relating to the Establishment in the Russian Federation of a United Nations Integrated Office.

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