United Nations Development Programme

Russian Federation


Human Development

Human Development is the most credible and most known intellectual concept of UNDP. UNDPs activities in human development contain the following programme elements in Russia: Human Development per se, including National Human Development Reports, Regional Human Development Reports and human development education; sustainable social and economic recovery in selected Russian regions; and contribution to the reduction of HIV/AIDS incidences in the Russian Federation combined with the mitigation of the impact of the epidemic on the population. In general the human development approach to development assistance is aimed at introduction of the human development concept to decision-makers at the federal, regional and local levels, preparation of human development reports on various priority development issues from the energy efficiency to the demographic challenges, institutionalization of the human development concept into university curriculum through education, policy advice and dissemination of the international and local human development practices. The human development approach to development encompasses analytical and methodological support combined with addressing particular needs of Russian regions and development needs of the CIS countries.

The 2013 National Human Development Report for the Russian Federation Sustainable Development: Rio Challenges was presented on May 21st at the Analytical Centre of the Government of Russia (Moscow). This is the sixteenth national report that will conclude the Russian NHDR series, started in 1995.

The 2013 Report addresses the global agenda and the national context for the transition to sustainable development, looking at social, environmental and economic factors. New approaches to education and science for sustainable development, health care, green economy models and sustainable development indicators are discussed in the Report's ten chapters. The Report also looks at energy sustainability and energy efficiency, climate change agenda and regional development policies, as well as the role of civil society and business in the transition to sustainable development.

The Report reflects on the statement of Russia's Prime-Minister Dmitry Medvedev at the Rio+20 Conference on Sustainable Development (June 2012), in particular, on the prospects for the green growth models, Russia's role as a steward of globally important forest and water resources, and the challenges to improve energy efficiency of the economy to unleash resources for sustainable development.

In December 2013 the second sub-national Human Development Report in the Republic of Bashkortostan Family and Human Development was launched in Ufa (Bashkortostan). The Report has been prepared by the Centre for the Human Development Studies at the Institute for Socio-Political and Legal Research of the Republic of Bashkortostan under the auspices of the Government of the Republic of Bashkortostan, the UNDP and UNFPA in Russia. The scientific, methodological and expert support was provided by the Institute of Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences and the Institute of Demography at the Higher School of Economics. The Report is based on scientific and methodological tools proposed by the UNDP for the global and national Human Development Reports.

The main objective of the report is to reveal the role of a family in human development. The Report shows the key concerns in Bashkortostan and formulates trends for improvement in people-oriented social and family policies.

At the beginning of 2014 the project was completed.


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