Millennium Development Goals in Russia: Looking into the Future
The main objective of the Report, Millennium Development Goals in Russia: Looking into the Future, is to monitor the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGS) adapted for Russia, and to reflect the new socio-economic trends that have affected this process in the past few years. The Report was prepared in relation to the discussion of the global progress towards achieving the MDGs at the UN General Assembly in September 2010. The Report pays special attention to bridging the remaining regional disparities as reflected the presented Human Development Index (HDI) for Russia and its regions.
Link to the full text of the Report
Energy Sector and Sustainable Development
The 13th Human Development Report for the Russian Federation, Energy Sector and Sustainable Development, assesses impact of the energy sector on the country’s economy and human development. The global economic crisis has brought many problems, but it also offers a window of opportunity for Russia to transform its energy sector, which evolved in its present form during the late XX century, into a modern high-tech vanguard for the national economy in the XXI century, with due respect for the environment and human health. Issues, which are the traditional subject matter of human development reports – economic development, income levels, employment, education and health care – are discussed in the context of energy theme.
The Report is intended for top managers, political scientists, scientific researchers, teachers and high school students.
Link to the full text of the Report
On 24 April 2009 the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in the Russian Federation presented the 2008 National Human Development Report Russia Facing Demographic Challenges.
This is the twelfth of the kind in a series launched by UNDP in cooperation with the Government of the Russian Federation and prepared by prominent national experts since 1995.
Demography, as much as economic and social progress, is a part of the concept of human development. Long life and health are the basis, which enable extension of human choice, creative life, material prosperity, access to high-quality education and full participation in society. Without them, many opportunities remain unavailable and many ambitions for a better life unattainable.
The Report analyses the main aspects of the major demographic challenges and offers recommendations for social and economic reforms, which could help reduce mortality rates, improve the present birth rate, regulate and manage migration flows, and at the same time, alleviate adverse consequences of demographic trends, which cannot be adjusted in the nearest future.
Elvira Nabiullina, the Minister for Economic Development of the RF, emphasized in her Address to the NHDR Readers that “our common objective is accelerated human development in Russia as a precondition for the country’s full-scale socio-economic development. All available reserves need to be mobilized for this task: improvement of health and reduction of mortality, greater economic activity and employment rates among various age and social groups, improved levels of employee qualification and greater labor productivity, inter-sector and interregional redistribution of human resources, and best use of the potential offered by labor migration.”
The Report presents Human Development Index (HDI) for Russia and its regions. It also contains the first-ever calculated Gender-related Development Index (GDI), which takes into account the impact from differences between men and women in basic HDI indicators: life expectancy, literacy rate and access to education, as well as access to income.
The findings of the Report were presented by Anatoly Vishnevsky, Director of the Institute of Demography at the State University-Higher School of Economic (SU – HSE), and a lead author of the publication, as well as other members of the expert team, namely Sergei Zakharov, Deputy Director of the Institute of Demography at the SU – HSE; Oxana Sinyavskaya, Deputy Director of the Independent Institute for Social Policy; Elena Tyuryukanova, Director of the Migration Research Center and Mikhail Dmitriev, President of the Center for Strategic Research Foundation. They spoke about fertility trends, the impact of demographic challenges on economic development, and the scale of social spending.
Prominent Russian experts, who participated in the discussion, shared with their comments to the Report. According to Evgeny Gontmakher, Head of the Center for Social Policy Studies at the Institute of Economics of the Russian Academy of Sciences, “the research showed that we have not solved the problems in the years of stability, but accumulated them.”
In the opinion of Andrey Markov, World Bank Head of Social Programs in Russia, “the social expenditures that the State has been making until now are not an investment into the long-term human development, but payments, which are inflexible and to that matter, not affecting the economic status of people”.
Representatives of the government and legislative bodies of the Russian Federation, embassies, international and non-governmental organizations, academia, and mass media participated in the presentation.
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The Human Development Reports for the Russian Federation are available in Russian and English.
Please refer all inquiries to UNDP, United Nations Office, 9 Leontyevsky Lane, 125009 Moscow, Russia, tel. +7 (495) 787-2175 (Ms. Natalia Voronkova, NHDR Project Coordinator) or by e-mail at email@example.com
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On 15 May 2007, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in the Russian Federation launched the Human Development Report in the RF for 2006/2007, "Russia's Regions: Goals, Challenges, and Achievements". It is the eleventh publication in a series of national human development reports started in 1995 by UNDP in cooperation with the Government of the Russian Federation. The new Report further elaborates the topic of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) adapted for Russia and covered in NHDR 2005.
Today, Russia experiences one of the highest economic growth rates in the world, but at the same time faces a major challenge due to unequal distribution of economic growth benefits among the population and dramatic regional diversity. It presents a mosaic effect as regards of human development and implementation of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), proclaimed in the Millennium Declaration and specifically adapted for Russia.
The Report attempts to give a comprehensive survey of regional human development problems and to identify positive socio-economic policies aimed at overcoming them. In a situation, when levels of economic development of different regions are in a range from those of African countries to countries in Central Europe, the Report emphasizes the diversity of regional development priorities and opportunities for changing people's quality of life. It also describes the most successful regional experiences with state, regional, and municipal programmes that contribute to regional and national attainment of MDGs.
Click the links below to download Full version in PDF format: Cover Page, Authors List, Sponsors, To Readers, Table of Contents, Foreword, MDGs adapted for Russia, Executive Summary, Chapter 1, Chapter 2, Chapter 3, Chapter 4, Chapter 5, Chapter 6, Chapter 7, Chapter 8, Chapter 9, Conclusion, Maps
Click the links below to download Full 2005 version in PDF format:
Cover Page, Authors List, To Readers (by Alexander Zhukov & Kaarina Immonen), Table of Contents, Preface, Overview, Foreword, Chapter 1, Chapter 2, Chapter 3, Chapter 4, Chapter 5, Chapter 6, Chapter 7, Chapter 8, Chapter 9, MDGs adapted for Russia
Click here to see the General Overview of the
Report or download Full 2004 report version in PDF format:
Contents and foreword, General Overview, Introduction, Chapter 1, Chapter 2, Chapter 3, Chapter 4, Chapter 5, Chapter 6, Chapter 7, Chapter 8, Annexes, Annexes to Chapter 8,
Click here to view SUMMARY of the Report or download full 2002/2003 report version in PDF format:
Cover page, Pages 1-5, 6-10, 11-16, 17-28, 29-40, 41-54, 55-62, 63-72, 73-86, 87-98, 99-106, 107-112, 113-118
Download 2001 National Human Development Report for the Russian Federation (PDF):
Chapter 1, Chapter 2, Chapter 3, Chapter 4, Chapter 5, Chapter 6, Chapter 7, Chapter 8, Annexes