United Nations Development Programme

Russian Federation

Project Number:00076781
Project Title:Integrated Natural Resource Management in the Baikal Basin Transboundary Ecosystem (Russia, Mongolia), Full-sized Project.
Budget and Source of Funds:Full project: Total budget US$ 53,186,169 of which from the Global Environment Facility (GEF) US$ 3,898,000. Project Preparatory Grant: US$ 120,000.00
Starting Date and Duration:March 2011 - December 2014
Project Site:Baikal Lake Basin
Executing Agency:The United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS)
Project Document:download

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00076781 - Integrated Natural Resource Management in the Baikal Basin Transboundary Ecosystem (Russia, Mongolia), Full-sized Project.


Lake Baikal, situated in eastern Siberia on the Russian border with Mongolia, is the worlds oldest (>25 million years old) and deepest lake (1,637 m). It contains 20 percent of the Earths fresh surface water and supports a diverse and highly endemic flora and fauna. Although the lake is in Russia, the catchment around this vast freshwater reservoir (Baikal Lake Basin) is a transboundary resource extending over a 500,000 km2 area shared between Russia and Mongolia, with over 300 rivers and streams. Ongoing pressure to expand the economy in both countries is driving the largely uncontrolled expansion of industrial, agricultural and urban developments within the watershed on both sides of the lake.

Building upon a solid baseline of bilateral cooperation between Russia and Mongolia on the transboundary waters of the Selenga River and on the growing economic baselines of the mining and tourism sectors, Global Environment Facility (GEF) support will catalyze the development and implementation of a Strategic Action Programme (SAP) for the transboundary management and conservation of the Baikal Basins aquatic ecosystems. The project will also support efforts from both national and local governments and civil society to mainstream biodiversity conservation measures into mining and tourism sector policies and practices and watershed management planning, leading to improved management of biodiversity and aquatic ecosystems across 11,047,790 hectares.

Expected Outcomes:

The projects objective is to spearhead integrated natural resource management of Baikal Lake Basin and Hövsgöl Lake ensuring ecosystem resilience, reduced water quality threats in the context of sustainable economic development.

The project has three primary components :

  • elaborating a strategic policy and planning framework;
  • strengthening institutional capacity for Integrated water resources management (IWRM);
  • and demonstrating water quality and biodiversity mainstreaming practice, including groundwater monitoring and protection.

Additional information:

    Project web-site: http://baikal.iwlearn.org/

    Information updated: 2012-02-20 18:30:56

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